Debby Irving, a racial justice educator and writer, defines the difference between prejudice, bigotry, and racism.
Prejudice is when a person negatively pre-judges another person or group without getting to know the beliefs, thoughts, and feelings behind their words and actions. A person of any racial group can be prejudiced towards a person of any other group. There is NO power dynamic involved.
Bigotry is stronger than prejudice, a more severe mindset and often accompanied by discriminatory behavior. It's arrogant and mean-spirited, but requires neither systems nor power to engage in.
Racism is the system that allows the racial group that's already in power to retain power. Since arriving on [America's] soil, white people have used their power to create preferential access to survival resources (housings education, jobs, food, health, legal protection, etc.) for white people while simultaneously impeding peopl…